A greater diversity of experiences and perspectives among STEM professionals can increase Canada’s innovation potential, helping us adapt to a rapidly changing society.
We need contributions from all Canadians—regardless of gender, cultural descent or age—to maintain our labour force, sustain a higher standard of living, and remain competitive in the evolving world economy.
Today, males continue to outnumber females in:
- Math and engineering undergraduate programs
- Master’s programs in architecture and
- Engineering and doctoral studies in math and engineering.
While females registered as major trade apprentices has increased ( 7% in 1995 to 13% in 2010 ) males continue to dominate the skilled-trades sector.
Is the average age of skilled tradespersons in Canada, and many will retire within the next 10 to 15 years.
Without increased participation by females undertaking and completing apprenticeships, Canada stands to have a severe shortage in the skilled trades workforce.
A gender gap in earnings still exists:
While women are now outpacing men in post-secondary education enrolment and university graduation rates, they still make less across several fields.
STEM programs equal higher career earnings compared to arts programs.
Gender also remains an important factor in earning potential in STEM careers. This persistent gender wage inequity, in combination with other sociological factors may represent an ongoing barrier to women engaging in traditional male-dominated skilled trades, mathematics and technology programs.